Over-the-Counter Medicines

Image
cough syrup in a spoon
Photo by ©iStock.com/cgering

Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are those that can be sold directly to people without a prescription. OTC medicines treat a variety of illnesses and their symptoms, including pain, coughs and colds, diarrhea, constipation, acne, and others. Some OTC medicines have active ingredients with the potential for misuse at higher-than-recommended dosages. Learn about the health effects of OTC medicines Dextromethorphan (DMX) and Loperamide and read the DrugFacts on Over-the-Counter Medicines.

Common Names

Candy, Dex, Drank, Robo, Robotripping, Skittles, Triple C, Tussin, Velvet

3.4% of high school seniors misused cough medicine (nonprescription) in the past year.

Source: 2019 Monitoring the Future Survey

Looking for Treatment?

Related Resources

Other Resources

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies in human volunteers conducted to answer specific health questions. Learn about the NIH-sponsored clinical trials available to you.