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Brief Description

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, cocaine is an illegal drug. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder. Street dealers often mix it with things like cornstarch, talcum powder, or flour to increase profits. They may also mix it with other drugs such as the stimulant amphetamine. Read the DrugFacts

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Statistics and Trends

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Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2019 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period 8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
Cocaine Lifetime 1.20 2.50 3.80
Past Year 0.70 1.50 2.20
Past Month 0.30 0.60 1.00
Crack Cocaine Lifetime 0.90 0.90 1.70
Past Year 0.40 0.60 1.00
Past Month 0.20 0.30 0.70

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National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for Ages 12 or Older, Ages 12 to 17, Ages 18 to 25, and Ages 26 or Older; 2018 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period Ages 12 or Older Ages 12 to 17 Ages 18 to 25 Ages 26 or Older
Cocaine Lifetime 14.70 0.70 11.40 16.80
Past Year 2.00 0.40 5.80 1.60
Past Month 0.70 0.00 1.50 0.70
Crack Cocaine Lifetime 3.40 0.10 1.00 4.10
Past Year 0.30 0.00 0.30 0.30
Past Month 0.20 ^ 0.10 0.20

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NIDA. (). Cocaine. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/cocaine

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Research Report

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Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches.

Easy-to-read Drug Facts