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Florida Opioid Summary

Revised February 2018

Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths

In 2016, there were 2,798 opioid-related overdose deaths­­­ in Florida—a rate of 14.4 deaths per 100,000 persons—compared to the national rate of 13.3 deaths per 100,000 persons. In the past several years, Florida has seen a dramatic increase in the number of deaths, particularly among those related to synthetic opioids. In 2016, there were 1,566 synthetic opioid-related deaths compared to 200 in 2013.

This graph shows the rate of opioid-related overdose deaths in Florida compared to the United States from 1999-2016. In 2016, the opioid overdose death rate was 14.4 deaths per 100,000 persons in Florida, versus 13.3 deaths per 100,000 persons in the United States.

Opioid Pain Reliever Prescriptions

In 2013, Florida providers wrote 69.6 opioid prescriptions for every 100 persons (approximately 13.6 million prescriptions), compared to the average U.S. rate of 79.3. Since then, opioid prescriptions in the United States have declined, with a nearly 7.3 percent decline in Florida from 2013 to 2015, resulting in an estimated 62.8 opioid prescriptions per 100 persons (12.7 million prescriptions) in 2015 (IMS Health, 2016).  

This graph shows the number of opioid-related overdose deaths in Florida from 1999-2016. In 2016, there were 2,798 opioid-related overdose deaths: 1,566 involved synthetic opioids, 669 involved heroin, and 1,183 involved prescription opioids. Categories are not mutually exclusive because deaths may involve more than one drug.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

The incidence of NAS in Florida increased from 0.4 per 1,000 births in 1999 to 6.3 per 1,000 in 2013—a more than fifteenfold increase (CDC, MMWR, 2014). The average across the 28 states included in the 2013 analysis was 6.0 per 1,000 births.

HIV Prevalence and HIV Diagnoses Attributed to Injection Drug Use (IDU)

  • U.S. Incidence: In 2015, 9.1 percent (3,5941) of the 39,513 new diagnoses of HIV in the United States were attributed to IDU. Among new cases, 8.2 percent (2,6141) of cases among men and 13.2 percent (980) of cases among women were transmitted via IDU (CDC).
  • U.S. Prevalence: In 2014, 955,081 Americans were living with a diagnosed HIV infection—a rate of 299.5 per 100,000 persons. Of these, 18.1 percent (131,0561) of males and 22.6 percent (52,013) of females were living with HIV attributed to IDU (CDC).
  • State Incidence: Of the new HIV cases in 2015, 4,849 occurred in Florida, with 5.8 percent1 of new cases in males and 10.0 percent of new cases in females attributed to IDU (AIDSVu).
  • State Prevalence: In 2014, an estimated 103,696 persons were living with a diagnosed HIV infection in Florida—a rate of 609 per 100,000 persons. Of these, 12.7 percent1 of males and 13.5 percent of females were living with HIV attributed to IDU (AIDSVu).  

Hepatitis C (HCV) Prevalence and HCV Diagnoses Attributed to Injection Drug Use

  • U.S. Incidence: In 2015, there were 181,871 reported cases of chronic HCV and 33,900 estimated cases of acute HCV2 (CDC). Where data were available, 64.2 percent of acute cases reported IDU (CDC).
  • U.S. Prevalence: An estimated 3.5 million Americans are living with HCV, including approximately 2.7 million living with chronic infections (CDC).
  • State Incidence: In 2015, Florida reported 22,981 cases of chronic HCV and 210 cases of acute HCV at rates of 115.7 per 100,000 persons and 1.1 per 100,000 persons, respectively. Of the acute cases, nearly 20 percent were attributed to IDU (FloridaHealth.gov).
  • State Prevalence: As of 2015, about 19,000 to 23,000 chronic HCV cases are reported each year in Florida (FloridaHealth.gov).

Additional Resources

NIH RePORTER FY2017 NIH-funded projects related to opioid use and use disorder in Florida: 14

Notes

  1. Includes transmission to individuals with injection drug use as a risk factor.
  2. 2015 estimate after adjusting for under-ascertainment and under-reporting. Data for 2015 were unavailable for Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Iowa, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Wyoming.

This page was last updated February 2018

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