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Publications - Pain

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Opioid Facts for Teens

Published July 2018. Revised July 2018.

Presented in question-and-answer format and targeted to teens, provides facts about opioids and their potential harmful effects. 

DrugFacts—Prescription Opioids

Published June 2018. Revised June 2018.

A plain language summary of prescription opioids that explains effects on the brain and reported use. In Spanish

DrugFacts—Fentanyl

Published June 2016. Revised June 2016.

Offers basic facts about the synthetic opioid Fentanyl including how it is abused, its effect on the brain, and other health effects. In Spanish

Research Reports: Prescription Opioids and Heroin

Published October 2015. Revised January 2018.

Explores the relationship between prescription opioid abuse and heroin use, including prescription opioid use as a risk factor for heroin use, reasons why people progress from using prescription opioids to heroin, and the need for prevention and treatment.

Research Reports: Misuse of Prescription Drugs

Published July 2001. Revised January 2018.

Offers the latest research findings on prescription drug misuse, including the classes of prescription drugs that are most commonly misused, possible effects on the brain and body, and treatment options for prescription drug addiction. In Spanish

Improving Opioid Prescribing

Published March 2017. Revised March 2017.

This brief fact sheet provides information about the risks of prescription opioid pain relievers and a summary of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Guideline for Opioid Prescribing for Pain.

Naloxone for Opioid Overdose: Life-Saving Science

Published March 2017. Revised March 2017.

This brief fact sheet provides information about the life-saving drug naloxone, which can reverse an opioid overdose, including how it works and where to get it.

Effective Treatments for Opioid Addiction

Published November 2016. Revised November 2016.

This brief fact sheet provides information about the effectiveness of medications for opioid use disorders and recent scientific advances in this area.

Mind Over Matter: Opioids

Published January 1997. Revised September 2014.

Describes to young teens how opioids, such as Vicodin, morphine, heroin, and codeine, affect the brain—including the limbic system—and the nervous system. In Spanish

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