Women and men may face unique issues when it comes to substance use, as a result of both sex and gender. Sex differences result from biology, or being genetically female or male, while gender differences are based on culturally defined roles for men and women, as well as those who feel uncomfortable identifying with either category; such roles influence how people perceive themselves and how they interact with others. Sex and gender can also interact with each other to create even more complex differences between men and women. Read the DrugFacts
Scroll Through Our Videos to Learn More From Our Experts
Additional Related Videos
- I-Science: #CPDD What's Hot - Mothers and Marijuana Use (October 2015)
- I-Science: #CPDD What's Hot - Breastfeeding and Marijuana Use (August 2015)
- I-Science: #CPDD What's Hot - Opioid Deaths in Women (July 2015)
- Scientific Conference: Opioid and Nicotine Use, Dependence, and Recovery: Influences of Sex and Gender – U.S. Food and Drug Administration
- Raising Awareness about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Director’s Blog
- Infographic: Substance Use in Women and Men
- Tobacco Exposure Linked to Infertility, Earlier Menopause - Medscape
- Consideration of Sex Differences in Medicine to Improve Health Care and Patient Outcomes (Journal of the American Medical Association, October 2016)
- womenshealth.gov - HHS Office on Woman's Health
- NIH Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH)
- www.fda.gov/womens - U.S. Food and Drug Administration
- Treatment Improvement Protocol: Medications for Opioid Use Disorders (SAMHSA)
- Clinical Guidance for Treating Pregnant and Parenting Women With Opioid Use Disorder and Their Infants (SAMHSA)
- LactMed: U.S. National Library of Medicine
- Treating for Two: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- NICHD-Supported Opioids Research
- Marijuana Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Implications for Neonatal and Childhood Outcomes
- MedlinePlus - Drug Use and Addiction - National Library of Medicine, NIH
- Above the Influence - Office of National Drug Control Policy
- Healthfinder.gov - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Past information is available on our Archives site.
Clinical trials are research studies in human volunteers conducted to answer specific health questions. Learn about the NIH-sponsored clinical trials available to you.
- NIDA Clinical Trial Locator - answer a few simple questions and get contact information for Clinical Trials near you.
Other Clinical Trials information sources:
- NIH Clinical Trials and You - NIH site that helps explain about clinical trials and why people participate.
- NIDA Trials at ClinicalTrials.gov - a resource of federally and privately supported clinical trials.
- Clinical Research Studies from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) - a NIDA coordinated network of research institutions conducting human trials on drug use solutions.
- Research Studies at NIDA Intramural Research Program - located in Baltimore, Maryland.
Get this Publication
Cite this article
NIDA. (2018, March 9). Women and Drugs. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/women-drugs